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托福写作高分技巧:如何"造句"?

2017-02-21 00:00| 来源: 芜湖环球教育
摘要:托福写作高分技巧:如何"造句"?

  托福写作主要考察大家对英文的综合运用能力,其中,对语言的运用尤为重视。下面小编为大家整理托福写作高分技巧,在遣词和造句两方面为大家提供方法,希望能帮助大家备考托福。

  托福写作造句要做到准确、多样以及高分表达

  1. 句型分析

  英语的句型包括以下几种,简单句、复合句、并列句、并列复合句等。在托福写作中,一般使用复合句,辅以并列句和并列复合句,当然肯定要有简单句,做到长短句相结合。下面摘抄几个句子给大家认识并分析一下复合句和并列复合句。

  a. Even though I usually know what I have to say, I cannot always express myself correctly in English.

  这句话是一个复合句,由even though引导的让步状语从句。

  b. This challenges me to practice my spoken English, with the result that I can complete the speaking tasks more fluently and quickly.

  这句话中是一个复合句。with介词结构中,有一个that引导的同位语从句对result进行解释说明。

  c. I think this is less than ideal because any differences in opinion become personal conflicts, and therefore that might jeopardize the employee’s job.

  上句话是一个并列复杂句。and 连接了两个句子,是一个并列句;because引导的原因状语从句。

  d. Shallow writing is indicative of weak critical-thinking skills, and such writing, which is often described as “sophomoric”, receives low mark.

  这句话同样是并列复杂句。由and连接两个句子,成为并列句,再一个which引导的定语从句。

  2. 有问题的句子的列举

  分析认为,考生写的句子容易出现三个问题:一是使用破碎句,二是使用接连句,三是句子连接不正确。

  1) 破碎句

  所谓破碎句,就是句子不完整,通常是没有谓语(或者说谓语是动词的非谓语形式,如分词),或者是从句单独成句。

  破碎句:She singing alone.(无谓语,singing是现在分词)

  正确句:She is singing alone.

  破碎句:He did not come. Because he was sick.(从句单独成句)

  正确句:He did not come because he was sick.

  2) 接连句

  所谓接连据,就是两个句子直接连在一起,既未使用连词,也未使用正确的标点符号。

  接连句: Professionals such as lawyers or accountants usually work longer hours than factory workers they have greater freedom in planning their time.

  正确句一: Professionals such as lawyers or accountants usually work longer hours than factory workers. However, they have greater freedom in planning their time.

  正确句二: Professionals such as lawyers or accountants usually work longer hours than factory workers; however, they have greater freedom in planning their time.

  3) 句子连接不正确

  所谓句子连接不正确,就是两个独立的句子之间以逗号连接,这是不合英语语法的。正确的做法是以连词、分号、冒号、句号等连接两个句子。

  不正确句: Breaking chalk into two pieces is a physical change, there is no change in the composition of the chalk.

  正确句: Breaking chalk into two pieces is a physical change, so there is no change in the composition of the chalk.

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